That's stronger than a bite force of a full grown adult hippo (yes, this thing). Over the centuries, native African tribes have traditionally eaten hippos, but few animals are ever willing to take on a hippopotamus for supper. The Democratic Republic of the Congo once boasted the largest population of hippos until the country’s Second Congo War wiped out tens of thousands during the mid-1970s. Like this post? Despite this capacity to sleep underwater, a hippocampus generally prefers sleeping underwater in areas where the water is shallower. This pack leader reserves the privilege to mate with just any adult female hippo in its pack. In male hippos, the lower incisors â just like the lower canines â are elaborated. What is the habitat of the common hippo? Of this number, 28 are molars and premolars typically stationed at the back and sides of its mouth. Hippos use these enlarged teeth for fighting. Bite Force and 14 Other Facts. The American hunter and author, Peter Hathaway Capstick, describes it like this: “It is my personal opinion that hippo meat is one of the finest of game foods … The taste is mild, less than lamb and more than beef, slightly more marbled than usual venison. 57. 21 Kenyan Food and Drinks to Try (Dishes, Drinks, Desserts in Kenya), 24 Haitian Food and Drinks to Try: Guide to Cuisine in Haiti, 33 Peruvian Foods: Traditional Food in Peru (Dishes, Drinks, Desserts), 28 Banana Facts: Weird & Tasty Guide to Fruit, Plant, Nutrition, and History, 22 Nicaraguan Foods to Try: Dishes, Drinks, Desserts in Nicaragua, 12 Rwandan Foods to Try: Traditional Rwanda Dishes, Desserts, Drinks, 5 Types of Banana Spiders (From Harmless to Venomous), What Do Kangaroos Eat? They have been timed running between 19 and 25 mph (30 and 40 km/h). It's also interesting that their groups are called schools because adults actually do teach their young many important things such how to defend themselves. And if you are wondering, humans only have a bite force of approximately 200 pounds per square inch. They are actually herbivores, but aggressive and territorial by nature. The bite force exerted by an adult Nile crocodile has been shown by Brady Barr to measure 22 kN (5,000 lbf). Hippos are known to crush their kill, and this effort is made easier as a hippo has a bite force of nearly 2,000 pounds per square inch. Just like humans, the hippopotamus has four teeth types. The hippo’s closest cousins are cows and whales. If you see a hippo yawning, you may think it’s cute, but in reality, a hippo yawn is a warning signal. 10. Storyteller.travel shares the best travel insights, facts, and photos. Averagely, a hippopotamus stays submerged for 104 seconds. 4 Places. Spotted hyena has an aggression and a biting force that rates as one of the most powerful among mammals. Thanks to their sharpness, the incisors and the canines donât actively partake in feeding duties (like grinding and chewing) but are majorly deployed in fighting. the snapping turtle is wrong. Entertaining, but be sure to keep your distance. Aside from mosquitos and the tsetse fly, hippopotamuses are the most deadly animal in Africa. The incisors can reach 40 … Although its exact bite force hasn’t been measured, the piranha is able to exert a force of up to 30 times its own weight, which is unheard of in the animal kingdom. A grizzly bear (also referred to as Ursus arctos horribilis) is a subspecies of the brown bear that is primarily found within the North American region. In the course of the exercise, the female hippopotamus is only partially submerged. They include herds, schools, pods, dales, and bloats. Common hippos live in sub-Saharan Africa in areas of abundant water, mud, and grass. A herd can contain anywhere from 10-30 hippos. They are native to Africa and could grow up to 16.5 feet in length and 5.2 feet in height. Typically, after 2 weeks of birth, the mother introduces the young hippo to her herd. Tusk clashing consists of males locking teeth and wrestling. Over time, as the hippo ages significantly, the molars lose a bulk of their vitality due to such sustained wear. In zoos, hippos are sometimes given whole watermelons, and they devour them, crushing them with their powerful mouths. The extraordinary bite of crocodilians is explained by … 0 0. No matter how small or large a group, all hippo herds are led by a single, dominant bull. The baby hippo can suckle underwater too. This is the same with human teeth. How strong is a hippo bite? Better put, the hippoâs jaws rank among the top 5% most powerful jaws among all known herbivores in existence. By changing up the ecosystem like this, hippos construct shelter and habitats for smaller creatures. Rhinos actually have no natural predators (except for humans of course) due to their power, tough hide, horns, and aggression when provoked. The hippo is also known for its thick, hairless hide, huge gaping mouth and ivory teeth. Compared to other megafauna, hippos have smaller legs. On land, their heavyweight stirs up the soil and clears vegetation around the wetlands. Most adult hippos can open their mouths at a 150-degree angle. You would think that an animal that spends a majority of its time in the water could swim, but hippos cannot. Hippos love eating watermelons. (Baby hippos need to breathe every 2 to 3 minutes.). The teeth are bigger in male hippos compared to females. Paleobiologist Gregory M. Erickson and colleagues put all 23 living crocodilian species through an unprecedented bite test. Their canine teeth are somewhat tusk-like. Within the water, the mother plays a similar protective role in protecting the baby from aquatic predators like crocs. The canines can grow to a length of 50 cm, while the incisors can grow up to 40 cm. There have been many infamous cases of hippos charging at boats in water (and drowning its passengers), invading crops bordering water bodies, or hunting calves that stray into their territory. There is an ongoing debate about who would win in a rhino-versus-hippo battle. Hippos can't swim. 1302 Liked! Do you know what it sounds like to stand about 15 feet away from a speaker at a rock concert? They can even do it in their sleep without even needing to wake up. This gives them a sort of semi-awareness that keeps them from drowning. That’s probably one of the most surprising hippopotamus facts of all. PSI denotes a pressure that results when an area of 1 square inch is subjected to a pressure of 1 pound force. Sgt. And hippos are the most dangerous large mammal worldwide, killing an estimated 500 people per year in Africa. How Strong Is An Orca? The "winners"— saltwater … Such an emotionally consolidated relationship pushes the mother to wholeheartedly defend her calf from predators like crocodiles, hyenas, and even lions â often putting herself sacrificially in harmâs way to protect her young. To better demonstrate this, a hippopotamus can cut a hefty 10-foot crocodile in half in one bite. Within this waiting span, she may not eat for days. To attract a female hippo, a male would fling its dung far and make distinct vocalizations. This ivory even beats that of the elephant in strength and requires more exertion to carve. The hippo has a close-knit family, with the male leader of the herd aggressively defending the babies and the territory as a whole. The remaining teeth are canine tusks and incisors. Their tusks are twice as long in males, an example of sexual dimorphism. Outside its clan, the hippo doesnât commune with a lot of animals. These reduced legs suffice for the hippo despite their enlarged sizes because the water (they are majorly domiciled in) causes their weight to drop significantly. Yo hippo’s SO FAT not even Dora could explore her. We want to provide high-quality content to people who are looking for these topics. Can you eat a hippopotamus? 11. Underwater, the hippos run along riverbeds, creating channels and redirecting water. The bite force of all the animals mentioned above were calculated in PSI. Dog (325 pounds per square inch) Dogs may be man's best friend, but they're not to be messed with when on the attack. I also blog about photography with a focus on GoPro cameras. Hippos give exceptional nursing to their young ones. They donât frequent deep waters either. To understand how powerful of a bite that truly is, compare it to the human bite force of 200 pounds per square inch. Therefore, this sole baby hippo can enjoy all the care of the mother. After it is weaned, it will continue to stay nearby its mother for up to seven or eight years until it is fully grown. It makes sense, given the hippo’s highly aggressive nature, intimidating size and the insane bite force those massive bone-crushing jaws produce. Its bite is about 1100 PSI, which has the power to crush the bones of a giraffe. Tech. This enormous bite force can be attributed not only to the hippoâs incisive tusks but also to its powerful jaws. Is it legal? The spotted hyena’s scavenging behavior is responsible for the strong jaw as the strong jaw is needed to penetrate to the marrows. A hippo can chomp down on branches and leaves with a force of about 2,000 pounds per square inch, enough to cleave a luckless tourist in half (which occasionally happens during unsupervised safaris). 1409.7 Newton. The Brown Bear is the largest terrestrial carnivoran. At sundown, they come out of the water and munch on grass. It’s not known exactly how many hours hippos sleep per day. The hippo can open its mouth as much as 180 degrees. Baby hippos nurse underwater by closing their nostrils and ears, but they also nurse on land as well. At many zoos, such as the San Diego Zoo, hippos are fed Bermuda hay and alfalfa, lettuce, mixed vegetables, herbivore pellets, and occasionally, melons. Hippos can open their mouth at 180 degrees, with frightening canines that can grow … They are highly territorial and can attack anything that wanders into their territory, whether that be human or animal. Characteristically, while the hippo is asleep underwater, it would occasionally bop up, takes a breath, and subsequently submerges again. If a hungry crocodile dares to go after a young, less dangerous hippo, the calf’s mother and all her sisters will come after the crocodile. Some people say the rhino would triumph because of its larger size, vicious horn, and faster speed. The common hippo lives in habitats of water and grass such as lakes, rivers, and mangrove swamps. Consequently, a pregnant hippo can only give birth to one baby hippo at once. Required fields are marked *. We take our roles as parents, kids, citizens in our society. The largest subspecies, the Kodiak bear… Hippo teeth sharpen themselves as they grind together. Of course, hippos have teeth. 50. thomas September 30, 2015 Reply. Average of 1766kg / cm2. The mother hippo withdraws from the pack to give birth. Theyâre a popular bear species known for... We are a website with excellent writers and editors. 1 decade ago. Adult hippos can stay underwater for up to five minutes at a time. A hippo is a massive gray creature with a large, round barrel-shaped body and short pudgy legs that each end in four webbed toes. They are born underwater but must paddle to the surface to take their first breath. Hippos also exhibit some pretty gross methods of marking their territory such as urinating backward or spinning their tails while excreting dung to scatter it over a wide area. The typical lifespan for a hippo is between 35 and 50 years. It is stronger and faster than lions. In theory, when the hipposudoric acid (red) mixes with the milk (white), it produces a pink solution. Among the more interesting hippo facts is that hippos don’t drown because they close their ears and nostrils while underwater. The demonstration was a first for the entire band. Habitat loss and unregulated poaching and hunting are the top reasons why hippo numbers are declining. Keep reading for more hippopotamus facts and we'll tell you the reasons. Hippos open their mouths to well over a 180-degree angle, and can deliver a ferocious bite that has the force of around 1821–2000 pounds per square inch (PSI). Nonetheless, the whole pack must submit to the sole authority of one dominant male. The hippo boasts a force of 2000 psi in its bite. Nile Crocodile – Bite Force : 5000 psi. Rather, they lock their teeth against each other when they fight among themselves, biting and pushing with their lower jaws, leveraging their strength and weight. That’s one main reason behind the weak bite force of lions. They are one of the loudest animal species in Africa. Constant breaking down of food would progressively wear the hippoâs molars down due to friction. Most animals won’t attempt to tango with a crocodile, but hippos have been known to kill them if their space is invaded. 9 Tiger- Bite force : 1050 psi Weighing up to 933 lbs (Siberian Tiger) tiger is the largest of all cats in the world. You could say that hippos love hanging out with their bloats. They are enormous creatures that can crush you in a heartbeat or drown you by overturning your boat. A hippo calf will nurse its mother until it’s about 18 months old. 2. Need I mention that the bite force of an adult female hippo is 1,821 lbsf (Barr, 2008)? This enables a hippo to stay submerged, holding their breath for up to 5 minutes. For some bull hippos, it’s 180 degrees. A fully grown hippo can have anywhere from 38-42 teeth. ya and the lion has 600 PSI. They also make a deep, scary laughing sound that is really a warning signal. Their digestive systems are not suited for digesting meat. contrary to popular belief a snapping turtle has the bite force of a human at most. Alarming statistics from BBC show that kill no less than 500 people in Africa annually, cementing its place among the worldâs most dangerous land animals. These canines and incisors find application in cutting food and biting other animals either in self-defense or the hippo being an aggressor, charging at other animals. Today, their overall population is limited to Africa, with their numbers estimated between 125,000 and 148,000. Hippos have a fierce bite force of about 2,000 pounds per square inch (psi). The hippoâs canines are plated with enamel. However, spotted hyenas, lions, and crocodiles are known to eat young hippos if they can steal them without getting mauled by the mother hippos. Being highly territorial and aggressive, it has been known to knock over small boats and attack the crew. 9 Types of Tigers: Guide to All Subspecies (Size, Population, Illegal Trade), 19 Facts About African Oxpecker Birds (Both Species of Buphagus), 21 King Cheetah Facts (King Cheetah vs Cheetah) Fur, Photos, Speed, How to Choose the Best Camera for Safari [Buyers Guide], Going on a Safari? Source(s): https://owly.im/a8IDw. Hippos are almost completely hairless except for a few whiskers around their mouths and a tuft of hair on their tails. Despite their size and short legs, they are agile and can run really fast. Hippos are very territorial and are quick to classify any intruder as a threat, which it energetically attacks with its incisive tusks and large teeth. Why do hippos become poop sprinklers? They can charge without a moment's hesitation and do serious damage. All Species (Likes, Plants, Meat?). This couldnât be farther from reality. Hippopotamuses are the 3rd largest land mammal, after elephants and rhinos. Saltwater crocodile. How long does the hippo calf stay with its mother? Even though hippos live in the water with fish, they don’t eat fish. They can only hold their breath for about 40 seconds at a time. Learn more about me. Except these guys can weigh up to 3 tons each. From where they live to why their mouths are so big, here are 57 hippo facts. They also grunt, groan, and wheeze loudly. Once upon a time, hippos roamed as far as Asia and Europe. As long as the water is deep enough to reach its head, life is good for the hippo. They grunt, grumble, bellow, roar, honk, humph, and wheeze loudly. They rest on their mother’s backs when the water is too deep for them. So, you won't be able to outswim them! Due to their enormous size, hippos donât boast the agility of more avid hunters like lions and tigers. But at the same times, we are also participants in life. Hippopotamuses (or hippos), may look like cute, comical giants, but they are among the world’s most dangerous animals. Some of the many African countries where hippos can be found include: Uganda, Kenya, Sudan, Rwanda, Botswana, Senegal, Gambia, Chad, Zambia, Togo, Tanzania, Mozambique, Ghana, the Republic of Congo, and South Africa. The combatants can weigh two tons; it's a tail-biting clash of the titans. That’s how loud hippos are! Hippos eat on land and poop in the water, providing nutrients to aquatic life. The bite force of an adult female hippo has been measured as 8,100 newtons (1,800 lbf). All this is done automatically (by reflex) without the hippopotamus waking up. 23. This means a hippo could take up a majority of your living room! A rhino could stand a better chance of killing a hippo away from water because if a hippo can pull the rhino into its territory, it could be history for the rhino. A hipo bite has left many people in africa without an arm or leg. Hippos have a natural built-in reflex that causes them to reach for the surface to breathe. Upon delivery, the mother remains in the water with her baby for days, as she patiently awaits the baby to gain strength before exiting the water, possibly to graze. But we’re talking about all the animals in the world so let’s go through the list. Hippos play an important role in the African ecosystem. Your kitty’s irritated nip at your hand may leave only a small puncture wound. Birds? If you ever hear a hippo making a deep laughing sound, it is not a funny situation because this means the hippo is sounding off a warning. Hippos are also hostile to themselves. Bite Force and 14 Other Facts. Female hippos mate just once annually. The premolars and molars take care of grinding duties, courtesy of their flat ridges. Family life Share aims to share cool knowledge and unique experience about family life, marriage, love, relationships, parenting and life tips. Here are a couple other hippopotamus facts about their teeth that you may find interesting: How's your Swahili? 12. Compare that to a tiger or a lion that only has a force of 1,000 pounds per square inch in their bite. Others claim the hippo has more advantages that include its enormous mouth that can dole out lethal damage. The dominant male marks its packâs territory by flinging its dung into the farthest distances possible, leveraging its tail shaped like a fan. In 2014, a hippo charged and attacked a school boat in Niger, causing it to capsize and kill 13 people â a teacher and 12 students. When a baby hippo is born in water, the mother will propel it up to the water surface to breathe properly. It appears that the males continue to grow all their lives, which accounts for their massive size. There are countless videos of hippos spraying poop everywhere by mixing their runny poo with a rotating tail action. A tusk clash is somewhat similar to a pair of deer locking antlers. Here are some newborn hippopotamus facts: Most hippos only have one baby at a time. Whoops! However, there have been a few hippos that were observed eating buffalo, wildebeest, and impala as well as another hippo eating the carcass of its own species. This strong bond is commonly demonstrated in the mother hippo and her baby cuddling together, mutually grooming themselves, or nuzzling. These highly acidic compounds inhibit bacteria (reducing disease) and absorb ultraviolet light (helping prevent sunburn and sun damage). And we also cover pink hippo milk and poop sprinklers. Commonly, hippos mate in water. Such a bite can easily crush a watermelon (something a normal human being would need … However, they can only keep up these high speeds for a few hundred meters. Hippos share a unique mechanism with dolphins and whales that allows them to sleep with just half of their brain at a given time. When irritated, hippos can charge on land at 30km/hr. It lacks agility, as earlier said, but it can steadily ascend steep banks. Hippos may seem like gentle, whimsical animals, but any naturalist will tell you they're every bit as dangerous as lions or wolves: not only can a hippopotamus open its mouth at a 180 degree angle, but it can bite an unwary tourist completely in half with a ferocious force of 2,000 pounds per square inch. This means that in one bite, the hippo could crush a well-matured watermelon in a bite like it was some small grapes. Hippos are huge, docile mammals. The best places to see hippos in Uganda are these four national parks: Watch this traveler video of a boat ride in Queen Elizabeth National Park, Uganda. Family life Share is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Yes, hippos do roar. And not only can adult hippos not swim, but they aren’t even buoyant. They also have a membrane that closes over their eyes underwater. Hippos give birth underwater where they are the safest, but it's usually in shallow water. Now all you need to do is plan a Ugandan safari to see these animals in person. Family life Share is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies. Juvenile crocodiles sometimes fall victim to carnivores such as leopards, jaguars, otters, and pythons. At 1050 pounds per square inch (psi), the bite force of a … In fact, they have 36 teeth that include one canine, two incisors, three premolars, and three molars on each side of their jaws. kalley October 21, 2015 Reply. Hippos rarely carry their babies in their mouths. What more, the nostrils of the hippo can momentarily close when they are underwater. On land, they can outrun a human. Such an enormous bite force comes in handy in sourcing its food and helping the hippopotamus defend itself and space from invaders and predators. It is believed that they rest for short periods of time. In this post, you'll learn 57 hippo facts about one of Africa's most dangerous animals. Twins are rare. To put their size in an even better perspective, an adult hippo is about the size of your average car. Here are some more amazing hippo facts for you: Surfacing and breathing are automatic for hippos. Generally, many mammals struggle to sleep (particularly a deep sleep) underwater. If alligators are big and mean, the saltwater crocodile is the head of the world’s … The lower canines and lower incisors are enlarged, especially in males, and grow continuously. Watch two hippo bulls clash in this video: Yes, hippos do contain ivory. To make up for their lack of hair, their hides are exceptionally thick. On land, a hippo can gallop at speeds up to 19mph. Even though humans are killed more by hippos than any other animal in Africa, hippos are not likely to eat a human because they are herbivores. They stay in the water with their mother for the first several days until they gain strength. Are hippos Africa's most dangerous animal? Where do common hippos live in Africa? Female adults, on the other hand, usually weigh a couple hundred pounds less than the males, and they stop growing around the age of 25 (even though they share the same lifespan as males). No, hippos are not endangered, but they are declared vulnerable to extinction by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Each jaw is outfitted with a big pair of incisors. 35. Some people say a rhino can kill a hippo, but there is much debate about that. Dogs turn their powerful jaws on millions of Americans every year, and a small handful of those on the receiving end of dog bites even die as a result. Saltwater Crocodile. orion nelson November 9, 2015 Reply. The way they look at it is, the bigger the mouth, the better husband and father. Can you believe they eat up to 150 pounds (68 kg) a night? Just remember to keep a safe distance from them! While experts believe there were once five species of hippos, only two remain today: the pygmy hippo and the common hippo, with the latter being the focus of this article. 34. However, the muscles responsible for opening the mouth are exceptionally weak, allowing a person to easily hold them shut, and even larger crocodiles can be brought under control by the use of duct tape to bind the jaws together. Or are they? A group of hippos is called by many different terms by various people. Many of these herds contain females, but bachelor hippos are allowed inside the community as long as they know to respect the bull hippo and not flirt with any of the females. Although it is not common, bull hippos do attack and kill hippo calves. 14. A pack of lions may work together to bring an adult hippo down, but they would have to be really hungry to make such a dangerous attempt. According to the San Diego Zoo, their vocalizations have been measured at 115 decibels. Hippos can open their mouth at 180 degrees, with frightening canines that can grow as long as one 1 ft 8 in with incisors that get as long as 1 ft 4 in. Only the female hippos bite force has been measured since the male was much too aggressive to test, but it measured at a whopping 1821 pounds per square inch. People do eat hippo meat even though the sale of it is illegal. The team’s computer modelling of the Komodo bite suggests a relatively weak bite – a maximum bite force of 39 newtons, compared to 252 N for … The herd is randomly composed of adult male and female hippos. At birth, hippo calves can weigh between 55 and 100 pounds (23 and 45.35 kg). These are incisors, molars, canines, and premolars. But there is actually no evidence to suggest that this ever happens. Experts believe hippos that eat meat are nutrient-deficient, sick or distressed. Frightening, isnât it? Adult hippos have been known to kill younger hippos. Plus tons of photos and videos. Because they are up most of the night foraging for food, they spend a majority of the daytime in the water which is when they sleep. Silverback Strength vs Humans (Grizzly, Lion, Croc). Your email address will not be published. More reading: How fast can a crocodile run? More than this, hippos can venture into land searching for food and attack humans and animals they come across. Orca Bite Force and 13 Other Facts, link to How Strong Is A Grizzly Bear? However, they can move underwater at a speed of 15 mph (8 km/h). Where can I see hippos in Uganda? (However, calves are buoyant). Specifically, among all land animals, hippos have the largest teeth. The shark bite researchers estimated the megashark's bite to be an "extraordinary" 108,514-182,201N . They just want you to think that! If they are in deep water, they will resurface whenever they need to breathe without waking. Would you believe a hippopotamus cannot swim? By way of comparison, a healthy human male has a bite force of about 200 PSI, and a full-grown saltwater crocodile tilts the dials at 4,000 PSI. This allows the hippo to keep its face above water while the rest of its body is submerged. It is believed to be the bite of a Nile crocodile is as high as … Aggression is more prevalent in male hippos, who start jaw-to-jaw sparring contests as early as 7 years when they are just adolescents. But that … Donât mistake the herbivorous appetite of the hippopotamus for gentility; hippos are aggressive with a penchant for getting into scuffles. link to How Strong Is An Orca? Predominantly, hippos are herbivores, but in rare scenarios, they could also scavenge for meat. Similar to tigers, lions use their teeth and claws to take down prey. Simply put, crocodiles are afraid of hippos because they can break a crocodile’s back with one single chomp. Hippos are herbivores, eating grass and occasionally some vegetables and fruits. This commonly stated “fact” is actually a debunked legend. Jaguars are 2000 psi. Common hippos live in the eastern central region of Africa and below the Sahara Desert. But within its clan, the hippo is a pretty social animal, preferring to live in herds. Baby hippos are called calves. They love the water and can spend up to 16 hours a day in it, keeping their skin cool. Hippo vs Lion. The other males are subordinates to it. A hippo will starve to death if its molars wear down too much to break down food. 9. A hippo needs plenty of water to accommodate its large size, but it usually doesn’t like water that is too deep or too shallow. Given that hippos feed more on vegetation, people generally mistake hippos for gentle and amorous animals. In addition to these hippo facts, did you know that George Washington (the first US president) wore false teeth made from hippopotamus ivory? But this is not common, as the generality of hippos trots. The only two studies measuring bite forces of dogs are the by Ellis et al and Lindner et al. The biggest … You'll learn about their size, habits, physical traits. The lower canines, especially, are deployed offensively. John Kukan, U.S. Air Forces Central Band Starlifter guitarist, takes a bite from military working dog Robby during a show of force demonstration by the 379th Expeditionary Security Forces Squadron, Aug. 18, 2014, Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar. Hippos are social and usually hang out together in groups of 10 to 30 individuals, but some groups may include up to 200 members. To understand how powerful of a bite that truly is, compare it to the human bite force of 200 pounds per square inch. Two male hippos are going to war over territory and mates. Ultimately, such hippopotamus will starve to death. Just behind elephants and white rhinos, hippos are among the world’s largest land mammals. We hope these hippopotamus facts have helped you learn more about one of Africa’s most amazing creatures. I'm quite interested to know the bite force of a full grown bull Hippo. Their canine teeth, which can grow up to 50 cm (1 ft 8 in) long, are ivory. They are also hunted and killed for their meat and ivory tusks and teeth which sell for big bucks on the black market. The hippopotamus is not an avid swimmer nonetheless, even though it has webbed feet. I am not sure what hippo meat tastes like, but I have heard it tastes bland. Research by Adam Hartstone-Rose and colleagues at the University of South Carolina, who compared the bite forces of nine different cat species, reveals that a jaguar’s bite force is only three-quarters as strong as a tiger’s bite force. There have been cases where herds were as large as 200 hippos. Another reason is that hippo cows love big bull mouths. A hippopotamus has one of the strongest bite forces in the mammalian kingdom. Because of their sluggish appearance, many people may see hippos as gentle giants, but they are far from that. An adult female hippo gives birth approximately once every two years. They need to resurface every 3 to 5 minutes to breathe. Librocubicularist. In this period, there is amplified overcrowding (meaning more chances of hippos straying into rival territories) with equally increased breeding. It tastes exactly like, well, hippo.”. Hippos are often killed because they pose such a dangerous threat to people competing for fresh water. Obviously, this is wrong. The hippo’s head is large and elongated with the eyes, ears, and nostrils situated on the top part. Perhaps it is more accurate to say that rhinos and hippos are capable of killing each other. Blood sweat is made up of two secretions: one red (hipposudoric acid) and one orange (norhipposudoric acid). Why do male hippos attack baby hippos? Hi, I'm Bryan Haines. Hippos are notably aggressive and are dangerous to interact with closely. At a quick glance, the lower canine teeth are readily visible. Neither blood nor sweat, this secretion is a natural sunscreen that protects the hippo’s naked skin from the harsh African sun. You may have heard about Orcas attacking other animals and even occasionally humans â so you... How Strong Is A Grizzly Bear? Currently, the Africa countries of Zambia and Tanzania are home to the largest hippo populations. Guide to Giraffe Species: How Many Types of Giraffes Are There? Dr. Brady Barr measured the bite force of an adult female at 8,100 newtons (1,800 lbf). In this guide, we will explore in entirety what is behind the power of the hippo bite as far as learning about the behavioral profile of the hippopotamus. Mother hippos tend to nurse their babies for a minimum of 8 months. Family life Share also participates in affiliate programs with Impact and other sites. How long can a hippo hold it's breath underwater?  Female hippos can have babies after they reach sexual maturity which is around five to six years of age. Barr also attempted to measure the bite pressure of an adult male hippo, but had to abandon the attempt due to the male's aggressiveness. For a 2-month calf, they canât stay underwater for more than 30 seconds. Orca Bite Force and 13 Other Facts. Your email address will not be published. One of the most interesting hippo facts is that this animal secretes a red, oily substance that many have described as “blood sweat.”. Housecat. Bite force among animals will always vary from subject to subject.) A common snapping turtle, yes. A common hippo can grow up to a little over 5 feet (1.52 m) tall at the shoulder and between 10 and 16 feet (3 and 5 m)long. Despite its own powerful bite (which it deployed against the hippos to no avail,) this crocodile learned that even it was … Even National Geographic got this wrong back in 2013, posting this on Facebook: “Friday Fact: A hippo's milk is bright pink”. Of course, hippos also use their big mouths as a defense against anything that invades their territory or threatens their calves. Being territorially aggressive, it is highly unlikely for the hippo to build a congenial or even symbiotic relationship with other animals. This is real and it appears to be a male dominance thing – where they are both impressing females and marking their territory. The gestation period for a female hippo is eight months. Hippos have big mouths to eat the whopping amount of food they need for their big bodies. You'll see many Ugandan animals, including hippos, elephants, cape buffalo, marabou stork, and nile crocodiles. When they do, there is a high tendency that the mammal could start to drown and consequently choke. The more you learn about these semi-aquatic beasts, the more you will discover several surprising hippopotamus facts. They nurse their mothers underwater and on land. When they move in water, they move in leaps (as typical of porpoise) from the bottom. And I'm a co-founder of this site. If they are in shallow water, they will rest with their nostrils protruding just above the surface. Some hippos may have up to 40 teeth because they can retain their milk teeth for several years after reaching adulthood. Some adult males (called bulls) can weigh up to nearly three tons, but the average range is between 3,300 and 7,050 pounds (1,500 and 3,200 kg). This is similar to the wrestling you see in deer when they lock antlers in fights. The jaguar has the strongest bite of any big cat relative to its size. BFQ: 99.3. Hippos just may be the most dangerous land mammals in the world. However, in a 2012 study, researchers measured the bite force … Most times, when a hippo sleeps in such areas, it lies flat on its belly, not floating nor standing. Another of several astonishing hippo facts is that these beasts can chomp down with a brutal force of about 2,000 pounds per square inch. Despite their power, zoologists claim that nervousness in combination with territorial nature fuels their ferocious behaviour. Orcas are extremely fascinating large black and white mammals who rule any body of water they live in. As if that’s not enough reason to fear, hippos live in large groups, and no crocodile is going to risk being mobbed. The aggression of hippos isnât exclusively directed at other animals. When they are ready to return to the surface, they kick their hind legs to push off from the bottom and propel themselves upward. The hippopotamus delivers a bite with a whopping bite force of 1, 821 psi. I'm a traveler and photographer. Hippo Bite Force. Hippos may look lazy and sluggish, but don’t be deceived. However, a hippo would have a hard time defending itself against a pack of lions. That said, the hippo canât jump. The mother hippo can nurse its baby underwater for even 32 weeks at a stretch. CRIKEY. The hippoâs teeth are sharp, encased in a mouth whose width is around 4 feet. Experts aren’t really sure why, but they believe it happens when herds become overpopulated, their habitat begins to dwindle, or when food is scarce. Hippos sink to the bottom of the water and then move by walking, trotting, jogging or running. Hippo can actually strong enough to break a crocodile in half with one bite ,they can tip canoes and boats over trying to defend their territory. The hippo can see better since rhinos have poor eyesight, and a bull hippo has much more experience fighting from defending his harem opposed the rhino who lives a solitary life. Want to know why? Check out our guide to 100+ animal names in Swahili. As you can readily infer from the sexual character of the said dominant male hippo, hippos are polygamous in nature and commonly have multiple sexual partners. Bite force quotient, however, is derived by dividing the bite force of the animal by its body mass. Hippos live partly in water and partly on land. 12 Best Binoculars for the Money [Buyers Guide], Complete African Safari Packing List [Checklist and Guide], 16 Best Anti-theft Backpacks, Purses, Wallets, and Locks [Buyers Guide], How to Choose the Best Portable Water Filter / Purifier [Buyers Guide], 11 Best Sun Protection Hats: Travelers Guide for Men, Women, Children, 5 Ways to Remove a Tick Head That Broke Off (Humans, Dogs, Cats), How Strong is a Gorilla? The hippo is one of the most feared animals in Africa. Newborn hippos donât weigh more than 14lbs. A hippo could kill a single lion in a one-on-one clash because its huge mouth and powerful bite can easily crush the lion’s head and bones. After elephants and white rhinos, the hippopotamus is the third-largest land mammal. Hippos can give birth in either water or land, depending on the prevailing circumstances. Thanks to this elongated span, the mother and the baby hippo build solid bonds. Another of several astonishing hippo facts is that these beasts can chomp down with a brutal force of about 2,000 pounds per square inch. For example, the hippo dung fertilizes water plants, and some fish directly eat the hippo dung while other fish eat insects that have previously fed off it. Hippos have a fierce bite force of about 2,000 pounds per square inch (psi). Hippos are highly aggressive and unpredictable, especially when their calves are present, which is why they are considered so dangerous. The hippoâs aggression hits a peak during the dry season. Sort of. When you use our links, we may earn an affiliate commission. But there have been isolated cases where a mother hippo carries its baby in the mouth, say to cross a river. Hippos make a great deal of noise. This is crucial as a baby hippo canât hold its breath for more than 40 seconds at a given time. The ivory from hippo tusks is softer than ivory from elephant tusks. They have huge mouths with super sharp teeth and tusks and have been known to take down large animals such as buffalo, impala, and kudu. A human with a gun can kill a hippo, and a pack of lions can take down a hippo with hard teamwork.