By using our site, you agree to our. Create a new survey and edit it with others at the same time. When there’s no auxiliary verb, use the “do” verb form in the question tag. The object is to put these words in the correct order to form a syntactically correct question. Questions: statement questions ( you’re over 18? ) You’ll need to put “do” or “does” at the beginning of the question. George Grow was the editor. In more formal settings, you might use “not” instead of a contraction. Similar to question tags, you can use a negative question to confirm something you believe to be true. Language Focus: An explanation of how to form Yes/No questions in English Grammar Worksheet : yes-no-questions-worksheet-esl.docx (scroll down to study the exercises online) Many students are good at answering questions, but poor at making their own questions … (Download). The “five Ws” are the question words who , what , when , where and why. Or, if you are talking about more than 1 person who is not present, you could ask, “Bill and John are meeting us for drinks later, aren’t they?” or “Steve and Jennifer want to order a pizza tonight, don’t they?”, If you are talking about a single person, you could say, “She is going with us to the zoo tomorrow, isn’t she?”. But don’t worry, there’s a way you can sound more polite and friendly. Since “Nathan” is a person, our wh- word is who. Nathan is playing basketball in the park. This article has been viewed 22,232 times. In this post, we’ll show you five essential types of English questions you should know, plus grammar tips to form them correctly. For example, you could ask, “What is your favorite flavor of ice cream?” or “Which flavor is your favorite?”, Or, you could ask “What do you want to do today?” or “Which museum would you like to visit today?”, For example, you could ask, “Where do you want to meet for lunch?”. Now let’s move on to the structures for forming five common types of questions. Easily create surveys and polls to collect customer feedback, measure employee satisfaction, and organize team events. If the sentence is “Kyle played soccer yesterday,” turn the statement into a question by adding “Did” to the beginning and dropping the “-ed” off of the verb. Don’t worry – I’m going to teach you a simple … → The students are visiting the museum, aren’t they? Click here to get a copy. For these questions, we’ll need to replace part of the sentence with a wh- word. Sally won the marathon. wikiHow's. music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks. We’ll usually need to invert the word order as well, but not always. Yes/No questions are questions which we answer with Yes or No. Once you’ve had more practice turning basic sentences into questions, you can skip the first step of starting with a sentence and go directly to forming the question. It’s used to check or confirm that you’ve understood something correctly. Question Forms and Reported Speech Word order Normal word order is used in reported questions, that is, the subject comes before the verb, and it is not necessary to use 'do' or 'did': [Negative verb contraction] + [subject] + [main verb] + [other information]? wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. So you ask: Didn’t you hear the news? Notice that we used the contractions “isn’t” instead of “is not” and “aren’t” instead of “are not.” Contractions are usually used in negative tags. Nina plays the violin. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Questions. For example, if you tap on the word “brought,” then you see this: You can learn any video’s vocabulary with FluentU’s fun quizzes. Questions with verbs in the simple present use the auxiliary verb “DO”. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. It’s simple: just attach a phrase like “Could you please tell me…” or “Do you know…” before the direct question. We can also use where to ask about the location. % of people told us that this article helped them. They usually begin with a verb, including auxiliary verbs (a “helping” verb that comes before the main verb) or modal verbs (such as can or would). You could also ask, “Who will pick me up to go to the airport tomorrow?” to find out the name of the person. However, you can improve your ability to answer essay questions by learning how to understand the questions, form an answer, and stay focused. WH-questions are questions starting with WH-words including: what, when, where, who, whom, which, whose, why and how.Question words are used to ask about specific qualities, times, places, people and so on. Choose from a variety of pre-made themes or create your own. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into language learning experiences. Questions? A direct question is used to ask for information such as, “Which train goes to Bangkok?” or “How much does this box of oranges cost?” These are the types of questions we just covered above. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you Forming questions in English can be challenging when you are trying to learn the language! About the Book Author Edward Swick (Chicago, IL) has been a foreign language teacher for more than 30 years. Jane opened the door.Who opened the door? Now, you try it! The sentence can be anything you like, as long as it is not too complicated. (to ask about the way things happen or are done), How many? Let’s say we wanted to ask about the object in this sentence. The object is “basketball,” a thing, so our wh- word is what. The question word (what, ...) always comes first! All Rights Reserved. All tip submissions are carefully reviewed before being published, This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Swipe left or right to see more examples for the word you’re learning. Use an indirect question instead. Your father isn’t working today. For example, you could ask, “How do you get to the university?” to get directions. How often? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Questions. The basic formula is below. What is the time? Simple Grammar Questions? - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary → Did Nina play the violin? Here’s how you can change this into an indirect question: Could you please tell me where the bookstore is? Again, let’s start with a basic sentence. Questions About The Song, "Desperado"? To change this sentence into a question, simply move the verb to the beginning. Disjunctive or Tag Questions. Here’s a list of common question words in this category and what each is used for: How? How many stickers have you got? They ask the same as direct questions but are considered more formal. Where is the library? Learn and practise all the question forms and question words in English, and find out about the most common mistakes. Now we need to restructure the sentence like this: Notice how the subject also has to get moved in between the auxiliary verb and main verb for this type of sentence. Forming questions in English can be confusing. The same goes for a question about directions. 3. This is called inversion. If we want to ask a question in English, the order is QWASM: Question word, Auxiliary verb, Subject, Main verb. References. All tenses in English use auxiliary verbs. “is not”). If the sentence has an auxiliary or modal verb, that’s the one you’ll need to move. If you’re at least a beginner English learner, you probably know how to form simple sentences (here’s a guide if you need a reminder). → Adam walks to class on Tuesdays, doesn’t he? If the sentence has no auxiliary verb and the main verb isn’t “to be,” things are a little different. Must theycome for dinner? To make questions, we often put the verb before the subject. To form a tag question, you simply add the question tag using the opposite form of the verb/auxiliary or modal verb used in the sentence. Are they happy? Depending on the type of question you want to ask, you may need to move words around in the sentence. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. Notice also how the subject pronoun is used instead of the subject itself in the tag. Can you swim? In today’s blog post we are going to have a look at the differences in forming questions with “must” and “to have to” How do we make questions with “must”? Questions with be as the main verb Let’s look at a few more inversions to form yes/no questions: The boat is sinking. Yes/No questions To form a direct questions with a yes or no answer, we use auxiliary verbs, which are also called helping verbs. With some practice and patience, you will be asking all kinds of questions in English before you know it! We replace “in the park” with where, then move where to the beginning of the sentence: Five W questions can get pretty confusing and can require lots of practice to master. There are many different types of videos, as you can see here: FluentU makes it easy to watch and understand native English videos with interactive captions. You could also ask, “How do you cook this?” to get instructions for completing a recipe. So if the verb in the sentence is positive (e.g. The “five Ws” are the question words who, what, when, where and why. Asking questions in English – direct questions There are four main categories of direct questions, depending on the kind of answer you expect: Yes/No questions, WH questions, alternative questions and tag questions. In the examples above, “father” becomes “he” and “the students” become “they.”. For example, to find out about cost you could ask, “How much does a haircut cost?” or “How much for a hot dog?”, To determine a quantity, you could ask, “How many cookies should I bake?” or “How many people will come to dinner?”. For example, you could ask, “Could you please tell me how to get to the airport?” or “Do you know how to get to the airport?”, You could also ask, “Could you please tell me the time?” or “Do you know the time?”, For example, if you want to ask, “Where is the bus stop?” you could say, “Do you know where the bus stop is?”, To find out the time, you could ask, “Could you please tell me what time it is?”, For example, if you want to confirm when you need to head to the airport, you might say to your travel companion, “We need to leave for the airport at 7:00am tomorrow morning, don’t we?”, Or, you might confirm that a friend is picking you up at a certain time by saying, “You will be here to get me at 6:30pm tonight, won’t you?”, For example, if you want to confirm when dinner will be served, you might say, “Dinner is served at 6:30pm.”, To find out where you are meeting up with someone, you could say, “We are meeting at the fountain.”. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. For example: You could also use it to confirm whether something you already know or think you know is true. Give the full standard question form for these shortened yes/no questions… Instead of beginning with the subject, questions begin with a helping verb. For an in-depth guide to five W questions with examples, see this lecture from Georgia State University. You can also form a question just by changing the tone of your voice to give a regular sentence the sound of question. For example, you could ask, “Who is the manager?” if you need to know who is in charge of a business. They greet their teacher.Who do they greet? Polite requests, offers, complaints etc. They are used as auxiliary verbs for negative statements or simple present questions. It’s okay to make mistakes as long as you continue to practice and learn from them. A negative question can also be used to ask for confirmation of a negative belief. Hasn’t the postman come yet? But there are many different types of questions in English grammar, each with its own rules. Write out a basic sentence in English. Fortunately, we can use those same sentence-building skills to form questions in English, too. T he main verb follows the subject, and the rest of the sentence follows it.. Second, questions almost always need a helping verb along with the main verb. (“Can you feel the love tonight?”), You see them in movie titles. The students are visiting the museum. Questions can be a little difficult in English. ¿Adónde va Raúl? However, sometimes a direct question may sound too blunt or unfriendly, especially if you’re asking someone for help or when you don’t know the person well. For example, if you need to know the time, asking a stranger, “What time is it?” may sound a bit rude or abrupt. Who - asking for a person and animal: subject: no do, does, did. The first thing to remember is that there are two main kinds, 'yes / no' and 'wh': The 'yes / no' kind need the answer 'yes' or 'no'. [Sentence] + , + [opposite form of the same verb used in sentence] + [subject pronoun]? The trick is to form a basic sentence, then invert the word order to create a question. Be sure to use the correct tense and form, for example, “did” if the sentence is in the past tense. If there is a question word (why, what, where, how, etc. Below you'll find our forming questions worksheets. Let’s start with the example sentence we used above. A negative question can also show your surprise that something you expect to happen hasn’t happened yet. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. When we want to be more polite we often use indirect question forms. Another option would be to say, “The dining room closes at 9:00pm, doesn’t it?”. Note the inversion when forming an indirect question. Remember, the more you practice, the easier and more familiar they’ll become. If you understand how to form yes/no questions, then it’s very easy to form “wh-” questions. ¿Dónde está la biblioteca? For example, you might ask, “You are coming to dinner with me, aren’t you?” or “You want to go to the Chinese restaurant, don’t you?” if you are speaking directly to someone. Must youbehave that way? Pressing offers and invitations often assume the form of negative questions. You could also ask someone, “Where are you from?” as part of a conversation. It’s been two hours. → It is raining now, isn’t it? 1. Generally, just add a question word/phrase to the beginning of a yes/no question. As can be seen, the structure is very … A List Of Grammar Questions? Plural Form=≫Different Meanings? Where is Raul going? This is true for sentences with be, sentences that have auxiliary verbs (e.g. For example, you could ask, “When are we going to the theater?”, You could also ask, “When should I expect you?”. → Is the boat sinking? But can you make your own sentences in English? 10+ Resources for Learning How to Speak English Without an Accent, Learn English through Movies and Film: A Complete Guide, 8 Great Tips to Learn English Through Songs and Music, 9 Awesome Channels to Learn English on YouTube, 10 Best 90′s Sitcoms for English Learners, 12 English Podcasts Every English Learner Should Listen To, 20 Essential American Slang Words for English Learners, 20 Essential English Idioms for Sounding Like a Native. (Notice the new form of “to play” to accommodate the new structure.). For example, if you say, “Dinner is served at 6:30pm,” you would add the tag question, “isn’t it?” to confirm this statement. Questions are everywhere in English pop culture. Please check your email for further instructions. The question would be, “Did Kyle play soccer yesterday? 2. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. So you ask: Hasn’t he called back yet? We’ll replace it with our wh- word. You can use them to ask for a simple... 2. When you feel ready for a challenge, try the interesting exercises at englisch-hilfen. For an in-depth guide to five W questions with examples, see this lecture from Georgia State University. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. Word order in questions in English Interrogative structures in English How to form correctly ordered questions in English See also : tag questions 1. A tag question is simply a sentence with a question tag at the end. Unlike other verbs in English which usually adopt the verb “to do” as an auxiliary, “must” does not. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn English with real-world videos. The next time you have a burning question for an English speaker, you’ll know how to ask it! The videos are organized by genre and level, so it’s super easy to find the ones that work for you. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. In each question, students are presented with a group of words. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. A negative question is a question that contains the word not or a negative verb contraction like didn’t (did not), weren’t (were not), etc. Last Updated: March 29, 2019 Forming Questions The use of question words and how to ask questions in English. In English, “must” is used when we are talking about obligations. Structure Write a question for "We are on a family occasion. The structure of a “wh- question” is usually like this: [“Wh-” Question Word/Phrase] + [Auxiliary Verb] + [Subject] + [Main Verb] + [Object or Other Information] + ? can take anywhere. When using an indirect question, use an introductory phrase followed by the question itself in positive sentence structure. Few, Tag Questions? Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. FluentU also keeps track of your learning, then suggests videos and examples perfect for you. In Yes-No questions (questions where the answer is yes or no), there is no Question Word. How much? However, just to make things trickier, there are actually other question words in this category too, like “how” and phrases that start with “how.” So you may also hear these referred to as “five W and H” questions or simply “wh-” questions. Asking Yes/No Questions Present Simple Questions. A brief PPT showing how to ask questions in English Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/radio/specials/1837_aae/page45.shtml, https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs-questions-and-negatives, https://www.englishgrammar.org/formation-questions-basic-rules/, https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/intermediate-grammar/question-tags, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow, For the sentence, “Charlie and Pam cook together often,” add “Do” to the beginning to ask, “Do Charlie and Pam cook together often?”. Active Or Passive Form For 'Start'? © 2020 Enux Education Limited. Is she a nice girl? (Literally: To … You may even have an idea of how questions are formed. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. WH- questions (Question Words)There are two main types of questions: Yes/No questions and WH- question. If you’re not asking about the subject, there’ll be some word order inversion. Nina played the violin. Forming questions in English is not always very easy because sometimes we have to change the structure of the sentence. Quickly create quizzes to measure student knowledge, evaluate class progress, and focus on subjects that need improvement. You hear them in songs. If your answer is “no,” we’re here to help. This is another good situation to use an indirect question.

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